Implantology - Dental implants: phases and advantages
Dental implants are a modern dental technique used to restore complete masticatory function and a new smile to the patient.
The natural tooth is formed by two parts: the crown, the visible part, and the root incorporated in the upper or lower jaw bone. A dental implant replaces the tooth root: it is therefore an artificial root, inserted in the mandible or in the jaw. It is usually a titanium or titanium alloy screw, a biocompatible material that reduces inflammation and allergies in the oral cavity, integrates perfectly with the bone, and resists any pressure due to mastication.
What is dental implant made of?
Dental implants are made up of 3 parts:
- The artificial root or vine: in reality, by implant, we mean the vine inserted in the mandibular bone, which then replaces the missing natural root. It can be of various lengths, depending on the patient’s anatomical needs. It can be made of titanium or zirconium.
- A support structure: it is the element that connects the implant to the dental crown. One part is inside the gingiva, the other protrudes like a pin on which the crown will be fixed.
- The dental ceramic crown is identical to the natural tooth, so much so that you will not find aesthetic differences.
What are the stages of the surgical procedure for inserting implants?
The surgical insertion of these implants is rapid and is carried out under local anesthesia in a few minutes.
Let’s now analyze how the procedure for inserting a dental implant is performed:
- The affected gingiva is anesthetized.
- A small incision is made in this area to separate the gum from the bone.
- With a ball cutter, the external part of the bone begins to be engraved.
- When the hole is formed, it is enlarged with others. two.
- The bone is hydrated during the entire operation to avoid heating.
- It enlarges the hole with a caliper to reach the desired size.
- The implant is inserted into the newly created crack. is screwed with the transport device.
- The device is removed.At the dental implant a screw is screwed that will help the gingiva during healing.
- The stitches will be applied to close the entire implant in a fixed way.
- When the work is completed , it will take about a month to fully regrow the gum.
- The previously inserted screw is unscrewed.
- The impression of the implant position is taken inside the dentatura.
- Vien and the right size of the new tooth is chosen.
- The stitches are extracted after a week.
Advantages of dental implants
- Dental implants can replace one or more teeth, up to the entire arch covering all its functions, from chewing to the aesthetic side.
- Dental implantology allows you to obtain teeth that are as characteristic and natural as teeth.
- The success rate found in this therapy is very high, around 99.9%.
- The implant does not affect other teeth, unlike bridges.
- They manage to provide perfect stability and prevent arthropathy.
- The durability is very important: lifelong implants in most cases are therefore a definitive solution.
- Dental implantology can, therefore, be considered as a definitive solution